GW Instek rolls out the new AFG3000 series arbitrary function generators, including 20MHz/30MHz single channel and dual channel models, designed to meet industry, scientific research, and education applications. In the design of isolated output, all output channels are earth ground isolation, which is suitable for test applications of floating circuit. For instance, connecting an AFG3000 with a power supply’s DC voltage, the maximum ACDC cascaded output reaches +42V or 42V. Each channel of dual channel models can be operated independently or multi units can simultaneously function without taking grounding reference into consideration. Applications are, for instance, the ignition control or transmission device of automotive electronics. The series features sample rate of 250MSa/s, 16bit resolution, and 8M point memory depth for arbitrary waveform generation. Users not only can save the edited waveforms to the memory to build arbitrary waveforms, but also rebuild waveforms by the AFG3000’s builtin DSOLink function with a GW Instek digital storage oscilloscope.
The AFG3000 series supports synchronized phase for multi channel operation up to 6 units and 12 channels. A reference input connector is available allowing an external 10 MHz time base to synchronize the internal clock and elevate the frequency output accuracy. The series supports frequency sweep and amplitude sweep that can also integrate other functions, including linear/logarithm, oneway (saw tooth)/twoway (triangle), continuous/single trigger/gated trigger to meet various application requirements by applying different sweep methods. Frequency sweep tests the frequency response of electronic components such as filter and low frequency amplifier. Amplitude sweep simulates vibration tests (requires a vibration tester), and it also conducts aging tests of various materials and linearity tests of low frequency amplifier.
The main features of the AFG3000 series include output amplitude from 1mVpp to 10Vpp (connected with a 50 ohm load); frequency range from 1uHz to 20MHz or 30MHz; 1uHz frequency resolution; and builtin sine, square, pulse, triangle, ramp, DC voltage, harmonic and noise. The waveform width, rise edge time and fall edge time of pulse waveform can be adjusted flexibly. Pulse waveform, with duty cycle from 0.017% to 99.983%, can be applied as trigger signals. Users can conduct arbitrary editing via 65 builtin function waveforms. The series supports AM/FM/PM/FSK/PWM modulation, frequency sweep, amplitude sweep and burst to satisfy industrial application requirements. Dual channel models provide SUM modulation, coupling, tracking, and phase to meet the test requirements of differential signal, phase control and amplifier distortion. Builtin 8th harmonic signal generator simulates harmonic signal of switching power supplies and it also tests EMI power filter characteristics. The AFG3000 series provides free arbitrary waveform editing software (AWES) for users to quickly edit waveforms from the builtin diagrams so as to execute measurements.
The AFG3000 series comes with four models. Model number and channel (s) are listed as follows:
Model 
AFG3031 
AFG3032 
AFG3021 
AFG3022 
Frequency range 
1 uHz to 30MHz 
1 uHz to 30 MHz 
1 uHz to 20 MHz 
1 uHz to 20 MHz 
Channel 
1 
2 
1 
2 
Channel 1, channel 2, reference 10 MHz input, synchronization and modulation input/output connector grounding are isolated from instrument chassis. The output channels of dual channel models are independently isolated. These connectors can sustain maximum isolation voltage up to ±42Vpk (DC+ AC peak value) to earth ground that is ideal for floating circuit tests. Multi units output can be executed without factoring in grounding reference issue. The builtin DC bias voltage of the AFG3000 series can be applied on various waveforms. The DC bias voltage is ±5V under 50 ohm load. Automotive electronic applications such as ignition controller or transmission devices require higher DC bias voltage. As shown in the following diagrams, when the Voffset of the power supply is 32Vdc, the maximum output of the AFG is 20Vpp, and the maximum voltage output to the ground is 42V. If Voffset is 41Vdc, the maximum output of the AFG is 2Vpp and the maximum voltage output to the ground remains to be 42V. Therefore, an external power supply can be used to bring up the DC bias voltage to ±42Vpk (DC+ AC peak value). 

Connection diagram for AFG connecting with power supply to increase D.C. bias.  The Vout of AFG is 20/2 Vpp when DC bias is 32/41 Vdc. 
Test settings: power supply output 31.8V, and AFG3032 output 20Vpp, 1kHzz sine wave.  The test result obtained from an oscilloscope (high impedance load). The lowest voltage was 42.4V. 
Users can implement multi channel synchronizedphase operation up to 6 units and 12 channels (AFG3032/3022). There are two methods to execute synchronized phase applications. Under different multiple frequency settings, master unit can synchronize the phase of each channel of the slave units. At 10 MHz reference frequency input (REF IN) connector, users can input 10 MHz atomic clock frequency standard via external signal source to increase frequency output accuracy.  
Method one uses reference frequency output (REF OUT) and reference frequency input (REF IN), 50 ohm BNC cable (RG58A/U) and T type BNC connector to connect up to 6 units to conduct synchronized phase operation.  
Method two uses reference frequency output (REF OUT) and reference frequency input (REF IN) ), 50 ohm BNC cable (RG58A/U) to connect up to 4 units to conduct synchronized phase operation. 
Harmonic signal generator simulates the harmonic signal of switching power supplies and conducts characteristics tests on EMI power filter. Users can set order number and phase for harmonic signals to obtain desired signals. The following diagrams show 8^{th} harmonic signal.  
Harmonic signal generator  Harmonic signal 
The output frequency for pulse reaches 25 MHz and its duty cycle is from 0.017% to 99.983%. Users can set pulse width, duty cycle, rise edge time, fall edge time and edge time to support trigger signal. The following diagrams show settings for pulse signal.  
Pulse Generator  Pulse 
65 builtin function waveforms include engineering applications, medical electronics, mathematics, and standard waveforms such as sine, square, triangle, ramp, pulse, noise, harmonic, and DC voltage that allow users to easily select desired waveforms. Users can select and edit 65 function waveforms from the arbitrary function.  
Sine  Square  Triangle  Ramp 
Pulse  Noise  Harmonic  DC Voltage 
The series supports AM, FM, PM, FSK, PWM and SUM modulation. Modulation source can be from inside or outside. Applications include the baseband of communications systems, motor control and light adjustment.  
Amplitude modulation  Frequency modulation  Phase modulation 
Frequencyshift keying modulation  Pulse width modulation  SUM modulation 
The series supports Nperiod or gated trigger. Phase angle, duration time, frequency, waveform infinite can be adjusted to meet noncontinuous output applications.  
Burst setting  Burst signal 
The series supports frequency sweep and amplitude sweep that can also integrate other functions, including linear/logarithm, oneway (saw tooth)/twoway (triangle) waveforms, continuous/single trigger/gated trigger to meet various application requirements by different sweep methods. Frequency sweep carries out tests on the frequency response of electronic components such as filter and low frequency amplifier. Amplitude sweep simulates vibration tests (requires a vibration tester), and it also conducts aging tests of various materials and linearity tests of low frequency amplifier.  
Amplitude sweep setting  Amplitude sweep signal 
Frequency sweep setting  Frequency sweep signal 
Four methods to obtain arbitrary waveforms.  
Front Panel Operation  
Via single unit’s panel, arbitrary waveforms can be selected, edited, stored, recalled, output, triggered from 65 builtin waveforms.  
CSV File Upload  
Support CSV file upload produced by MATLAB and Excel.  
Direct Waveform Reconstruction  
Collocate with GDS series digital oscilloscopes to retrieve waveforms and upload them to arbitrary generator to achieve direct waveform reconstruction.  
Arbitrary Waveform Editing PC Software  
Use AWES to edit complex waveforms. The software supports waveform mathematical operation. The waveform series includes Uniform Noise, Gaussian Noise, Rayleigh Noise, various digital codes such as non zero code, Manchester and RS232, etc. 
AFG3032/3022 models support independent channel or correlated channel applications. Four correlated functions are provided including SUM modulation, coupling, tracking, and phase.  
1.  SUM modulation combines two signals and outputs the signal via one single channel. Combining noise and sine waveform to execute speaker’s distortion test is one of the applications. 
2.  Coupling function arbitrarily sets ratio and difference for frequency and amplitude between two channels to realize a simultaneous effect for all parameters of dual channel. The example is amplifier using third order interpolation point (IP3) measurement to simulate signal output of two different frequency oscillators. 
3.  Tracking function produces differential signal with same frequency, same amplitude, and 180 degree phase difference. 
4.  Phase function arbitrarily sets phase parameters between two channels such as simulating sine/ cosine/square signal phase adjustment. 